The European Commission ruled in August 2016 that Apple had received unfair tax incentives from Ireland and said last month that it would sue Dublin for a delay in recovering the money from the European Court of Justice. Both Apple and Dublin have appealed against the original judgment, stating that the iPhone manufacturer’s tax treatment was in line with Irish and EU law.
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In Brussels, the low tax rates that Apple pays in Ireland for all its European activities is an ineligible subsidy. Apple had effectively paid only a corporate tax of 0.005 percent of its sales. In contrast to Brussels, the Irish do not consider this to be an unauthorized aid, as the corresponding benefits are also granted to other companies. Separate agreements with Apple never existed, but the Irish tax rules would apply to all companies. And these are demonstrably also compatible with European law.